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Caring For Your Juliana Pig

Picking up your piglet When you come to pick up your piglet, please bring a pet carrier to keep the piglet safe. We will provide a towel that will have familiar smells on it for the piglet’s comfort.

Pig proofing your home
Please make sure you pig proof your home BEFORE you pick up your piglet. You do this just as you would for a toddler or puppy. Hide or put up things that might harm the piglet. Block or lock anything you don’t want them getting into, including trash cans. Pay special attention to wires and kitchen cupboards. Don’t ever underestimate a mini pig they are very clever and smart.

Spoiling your pig
For the first couple of weeks, spoil your piglet and form a bond. You will have to earn their trust. They tend to be shy until they get to know you. Being prey animals, mini pigs do not like to be held up off the ground, so picking one up will take time and perseverance. If they squeal when you pick them up, hold onto them until they settle down, since you don’t want to reinforce a bad behavior of squealing. Practice daily and your piglet will learn to accept being picked up by you. Another way to try is to let them climb into your lap while you’re kneeling on the floor, then scoop them up in your arms to pick them up.

Playtime
Piglets love to play, so good strong toys are important! Dog toys that they can chew, toss and shake around work well. Rotate the toys every few days so the piglet doesn’t get bored with them. Treat balls, rooting mats, and ball pits are favorites because they involve food. They need blankets to hide under, drag around, or curl up in. Check out Pinterest for some great ideas on toys and activities for piglets.

Housing
Indoor set-up: Section off a place in a corner of a room for your new piglet using a baby gate or wire dog pen. Include in its pen a dog bed, blanket, litter pan, food and water, and some toys. After the piglet is comfortable in its pen and knows where to potty, the food and water can get moved into the kitchen. This pen will be a safe place for the piglet to stay when you have to leave the house and for sleeping in at night. Pigs love company and desire your attention. They do well roaming freely through the house as long as their food and water and litter pan are kept in the same place.
Outdoor set-up: Your mini pig will need a fenced-in area with a strong latch on the gate. Regularly check the perimeter of your fence for holes so the piglet can’t get out and other animals can’t get in.  A doghouse makes a great shelter, lined with pine shavings (never cedar) or hay. Blankets outside are not a good idea since they can get wet, causing the piglet to get chilled. Shade from trees or an overhang is important as well as keeping clean water out ALL the time. A small kiddie pool is great for hot days for the piglet to play in. You may have to cut the side down a little  like you did the litter box. Pigs can swim, but watch the young ones around water the first few times. A sand pile or sand box is great for the piglet to root in. Hide toys and treats in the sand for them to find.

Diet
Diet is extremely important! Do not underfeed or overfeed your piglet. Any size pig can become overweight very quickly without proper food management. A highly recommended mini pig food is Purina Nature’s Match Sow and Pig Complete. To feed a piglet, only give it the recommended amount of pellet feed in the morning with a small salad and the same in the evening again with a small salad.
                                      
A little coconut oil in their food is good a few times a week to help their skin, hooves, and hair. Fruits and vegetables can be given as snacks or used for training. Treats are also great for training, but don’t overdo it. Good treats are raisins, grapes, raw peanuts, sunflower seeds (unsalted), and cheerios. Never feed avocado, chocolate, dog or cat food, salted items, or junk food.

Basic Voice Training
It is important to have your pig come when you call. We train our pigs with simple voice commands. Our favorite is "pig eat" when they learn this you are guaranteed they will come running. We also use "pig up". Pigs are prey animals and instinctually don't like to be picked up, we use "pig up" to warn our piglets that they are going to be picked up, we relax then they relax.

Bathing and Skin Care Only bathe your mini pig when they are dirty or smelly for they have extremely sensitive skin. Pigs aren’t crazy about baths, so put cheerios in the water to keep them busy. Use a baby shampoo, never a dog or cat shampoo. Once dry, use a baby lotion or coconut oil for their dry skin. Clean their ears with alcohol on a cotton ball, baby wipes, or a wash cloth. Never use Q-tips.

Potty Training Your mini pig can be trained to use a litter box, paper trained, or to potty outside. A shallow plastic box works with the front side cut down just enough to keep the litter inside. A boot tray or cement mixing tray also works. Litter can be pellets (from home depot), pine shavings, newspaper, or pee pads. Always keep the litter box in the same place as far away from their sleeping and eating areas as possible.

Health Care Deworming your piglet can be done through your vet, or with products like Ivermectin, or through herbal methods.
Hoof trimming should be done at least once a year. You can learn to do it yourself, or have the vet do it. If you play with your piglet’s feet when they are young, you get them used to your handling of their feet. Then you can keep their hooves nice and tidy by filing them with a nail file while they are cuddling in your lap. Also walking your pig often on a harness along a driveway helps keep their hooves in shape and gives them the exercise they need.
Mini pigs also need their time outside to just be a pig! They love rooting in the grass and dirt to obtain iron and other minerals their body needs. They also need exposure to the sun for vitamin D. Take care to protect him from the sun if you stay outside for a long time. Baby sunscreen can be sprayed or rubbed on their sensitive parts if needed.
If your mini pig gets constipated, just add a tsp of olive oil in their food, or ¼ can of canned pumpkin.
Vaccinations are not necessary but may be preferred by your vet. If desired, have your piglet micro-chipped while it is getting spayed or neutered.